WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO CARE FOR WOOL?
Wool needs cleaning less frequently than other fibres, as its unique fibre characteristics resists soiling. Wool has the ability to resist both dry and wet soiling, and stains are readily released during cleaning.
Remember that wool loves fresh air. Hang and air garments after wearing. When travelling hang garments for a few minutes in a steamy bathroom, the wrinkles will fall away.
Let it rest and the natural resilience and spring of the wool fibres will help recover its good looks.
CAN I MACHINE WASH A WOOL GARMENT?
Due to the natural characteristics of wool we recommend that garments are only hand washed (literally by hand - not 'hand wash' cycle in a washing machine!) in approved wool wash detergent. Gentle agitation of the garment is usually sufficient to remove stains, rinse garment thoroughly, roll garment in a towel and squeeze to remove excess moisture, lay garment flat to dry. Washing in this way will reduce the occurrence of “felting” on the garment surface.
Washing wool in hot water will also cause the garment to shrink a few sizes and create a “felted” effect on the garment surface, so we recommend using cool – lukewarm water only.
Caring for your garment in this way will ensure greater longevity and wearability.
WHY DOES MERINO WOOL PILL?
Pilling is a surface fault characterised by the formation of little “pills” of entangled fibre on the surface of the fabric. The formation of pills occurs during wear, washing and tumble drying by loose fibres protruding from the fabric and becoming entangled.
When rubbed, the loose fibres bundle up into small balls, anchored to the fabric by a few unbroken fibres.
Factors which influence pilling include fibre type, fibre length, yarn type, yarn twist, fabric construction and wearer characteristics.
With loosely knitted structures the fibres have more opportunity to move around and become tangled.
The fibre length, degree of twist and type of yarn, eg - single or two or more plies will affect the pilling potential of the fabric.
During initial wearing, many woollen products will exhibit pilling. This does not mean that the garment is faulty or that the yarn used is of inferior quality. Over time the appearance of pilling will decrease as there are not as many fibre ends to entangle, and the existing pills would have dropped off or been removed.
The fibre of the Merino sheep is the finest worsted yarn and is also noted for its elasticity and softness. Australian Merino wool used by mm söhn is selected for its fibre length and it’s Coefficient of Variation (CV). The CV has a great impact on wear performance so that course/heavy fibres are kept below 4%. This means that mm söhn Merino wool knitwear will pill considerably less than other wools.
We recommend the use of a “De-Piller” machine which will usually need to be used 2 to 3 times after which the loose fibre ends will be removed completely and the garment will exhibit a less fluffy appearance.
See (www.innovations.com.au) for a great heavy duty electric lint remover / de-piller, which can also operate with batteries. (approximately $25 AUD).
WHAT IS THE BEST METHOD TO STORE KNITWEAR?
All knitwear should be neatly folded during storage. They should not be hung on Hangers for long periods of time as hangers tend to distort the natural shoulder and sleeve shape.
As moths are attracted to wool garments we recommend using cedar balls or blocks to store in your knitwear draw or cupboard, as they are natural moth deterrents.
WHAT IS MERCERISED YARN?
Mercerisation is a process applied to cellulosic fibres – typically cotton, but hemp and linen can be mercerized also – to increase lustre. It is done after weaving (in the case of fabrics) or spinning (for yarns or threads). But early on it was found that the process also had secondary benefits: the mercerized fibres were able to absorb more water, and therefore absorb more dye, making the colour of the dyed cloth brighter and deeper.
The difference is dramatic: mercerisation increases the absorption of dyestuffs by as much as 25%. Not only is the colour brighter, it also gives the cloth a better resistance to multiple washings, keeping the colours bright and unchanged over time. In addition to increasing lustre and affinity to dyestuffs, the treatment increases strength, smoothness, resistance to mildew, resistance to pilling and also reduces lint. So higher quality yarns used bymm söhn, are always mercerised.